ww1 april 1916

At just after 1pm, the German pioneers blew a small number of mines just short of the now-obliterated British fire trench at Mount Sorrel. For the price of a cup of coffee per month, you will enable it to remain free to all. 19 April 2016 • 12:01am * Download the whole paper pdf & view * (26mb) There were mixed fortunes for the Allies today on page … Instead, the artillery would open at exactly the time when the fall of their first shells would coincide with the mines going up. Julian Byng, tempted to regain the Hooge trenches, considered an effort to do so but decided to leave the old British front line in enemy hands while concentrating forces on the regaining of Mount Sorrel and Tor Top. This timeline covers all the political and military events that occurred across Europe and the rest of the world during 1916. 20th (Light) Division I imagine these were meant to confuse us. It is generally believed that German methods of reporting wounded differed and that losses were about the same on both sides. Canadian senior officers caught in front line as bombardment starts. This had been the scene of almost continuous mine warfare during 1915, with both sides actively engaged. Third Army (Allenby) The Indian Corps left France for Mesopotamia in November 1915. For the Germans, this attack came as something of a disappointment. Proclamation of the Irish Republic; 24 April 1916 Starting the Easter Rising of 1916. The objective would therefore be to advance beyond the craters to the third German trench line. News of the naval battle of Jutland (or Skagerrak) was filtering through, and while both sides claimed victory it did not seem that the Royal Navy had scored the expected knockout blow. Just over two hours later, the German bombardment – on the front lines and half a mile behind them – intensified. 5th, 10th, 14th and 15th Battalions were held as close reserve under Brigadier-General Garnet Hughes. However a strong shrapnel bombardment fell on 71st Brigade of 6th Division near Wieltje and a heavy HE bombardment was also aimed on the British second lines, artillery batteries and on the roads and tracks from Ypres. The quote is from “Armageddon Road: a VCs diary 1914-16 “, edited by Terry Norman and published by William Kimber in 1982. It will end on August 17, 1916. There was a change at the highest levels of British command on the Western Front on 19 December 1915 when General Sir Douglas Haig succeeded Field Marshal Sir John French as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armies in France. I had known that Brigadier-General Bruce Williams was vacating the appointment in order to take up a command, but I had never given a thought to any idea that I should be even considered for such an appointment. The first counter attack fails, with heavy losses. On the left, 2nd, 4th, 13th and 16th Battalions under George Tuxford would go for Tor Top. The all-important Bluff position had been lost, and it would take more than localised efforts to regain it. They met the 6th Canadian Brigade, which had just arrived in the area. The position just had to be held. At 6am on 2 June, Major-General Malcolm Mercer, GOC 3rd Canadian Division, went on a personal reconnaissance of the Mount Sorrel and Tor Top front, accompanied by Brigadier-General V.A.S. German artillery responded very quickly: less than a minute after the last of the Northumberlands left the front line, shellfire began to fall on the British trenches, no man’s land and the new craters. As late as 31 March, Robertson was still pressing for a decision on whether the BEF should be involved in an offensive, or not. It was quite impossible to make oneself heard, even by yelling in a person’s ear. At 5am on 21 May, the enemy bombardment on the Berthonval sector intensified. At Sanctuary Wood, the Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry held off the attack at a high cost in casualties. 3rd Division April 1, 1916 (Saturday) Lieutenant General Hubert Gough took command of the British Reserve Army, which would see action at the Battle of the Somme. The green area of the map shows the area covered by the combined chlorine and phosgene gas released by the Germans. Although Henry Wilson was all for mounting small local counter attacks while the enemy was still consolidating, Haig ruled that full preparations were to be made and a defensible line should be gained and re-established. The depleted Canadian battalions were formed up into two composite Brigades for the attack. 76th and 51st Brigades began an intensive exercise in training to prepare for a frontal assault, planned to take place at dusk on 29 February 1916. Actions of St. Eloi Craters. There was little fire from the British positions here, although machine guns on both flanks did good work, to halt the enemy advance. The infantry would go in 30 seconds later and for best concealment this would take place before dawn. Third Army deployed a number of Royal Engineers Tunnelling Companies to combat the German mining nuisance. The central four reached under the German trenches, the two on the outside were terminated under no man’s land, the idea being to create craters that would provide useful cover. The London Division held the Carency and Berthonval sectors with 141 and 140 Brigades, with 142 Brigade in Divisional Reserve. Much confusion reigned, and in doubt as to which troops were in the craters British artillery did not fire on them. Ground conditions were such that the Companies holding the new front had to be relieved after short periods, and battalions of the tired 8th and 76th Brigades, recently come out of the Bluff area, had to be used for this purpose, as was the 18th Canadian Battalion. To make matters worse, German machine guns opened exactly on time, too. But it had not mattered unduly, for this had been a quiet sector since the awful fighting of September and October 1915 had died down. Elsewhere the Germans overran the British line, capturing the heights at Mount Sorrel and Tor Top and advancing some way down the slope to take a number of strong points. When the cloud gas was detected, all the bells, gongs and klaxons in the front line were sounded and immediate rifle and machine gun fire opened. April 22 - 25: The Second Battle of Ypres is fought in western Belgium. I stood there for a moment feeling a bit sort of shy, and then I levelled my revolver at the nearest Boche and shouted ‘Hands up, all the lot of you!’ A few went up at once, then a few more and then the lot; and I felt the proudest fellow in the world as I cursed them”. Battles on the Western Front: German … This important tactical location was the target for the next German attack. VI Corps (Keir) They were quite a good lot of men, in the prime of life. British reserves arrive and prepare to counter attack. 10 February 1916. 1,000,000 casualties. The lesson that had begun over a year ago at Neuve Chapelle was being reinforced. To make matters worse, it began to rain heavily, adding to water already rising in trenches, craters and shell holes following the underground destruction of a drainage system that the Germans had created. It passed from the command of Third Army to First, and from XVII Corps (Julian Byng) to IV Corps (Henry Wilson). However, in summer 1915 three much deeper (60 feet) shafts had been started by the 172nd Tunnelling Company RE, which by now extended to six mines. They were under instruction by new Canadian Corps commander Lieutenant-General Hon. But at least the gaps in the British line had been filled, and the general position established some 1500 yards from the German line, closer than it had initially been after the German attack. The craters formed by mine explosions on 27 March 1916 are those in the German front line. Although no fresh infantry Divisions were brought in, much heavy artillery was assembled, as was a mass of trench mortars. GRM Woolston opened Government Rolling Mill Woolston, Southampton, Hampshire started in April 1916 for the Production of brass and cupro-nickel strips and cups. We have the ramparts of the town near us, and the noise was intensified by the continuous echo. But after a period of perhaps 24 hours, the condition is worsened by exertion. Daily Telegraph April 19 1916. A heavy German bombardment opened on the newly captured positions, which combined with the mud (after days of rain) and the already churned-up nature of the ground made the spade work of consolidation of the position very difficult. It was very fortunate that the units holding the line of the Ypres Salient between Frezenburg and Boesinghe were on the alert for a gas attack, when at 5am on 19 December 1915 a single parachute light was fired by the enemy, heralding the release of cloud chlorine gas from cylinders in their front line. Crucially, Crater No 5 remained in enemy hands, although the Mound itself had gone, destroyed in the blast. They said they had been wonderfully supported by the artillery, whose fire had kept just in front of them as they charged. (SF) The plan has been rushed, the equipment is poor, commanders who would later prove themselves act badly. All those who could walk took himself to the field hospitals. Lord Northcliff on Verdun; 4 March 1916. Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Soon enough it was discovered that the enemy had been taking advantage of the French lack of hostility to push on with deep mining of the area. The assault began on time at 1.30am, and the Canadian infantry quickly took the German front lines. A combination of excellent staff work and planning, brilliantly executed artillery work in poor weather and the formidable courage of the Canadian infantry, had saved the day. This site has always been free to use but it does cost money to operate. This bombardment was deep, falling not only on the front trenches but back to the Divisional artillery positions too, as far as some 8 miles from the trenches. At 2.15am on 2 March, Brigadier-General Ernest Pratt, officer commanding 76th Brigade, advised Divisional HQ that he would not require a planned extra 20 minute intensive bombardment. Williams was wounded in the head soon after the German bombardment began; he was taken prisoner when the enemy infantry attacked. This was the position at the end of the First Battle of Ypres and it was much the same by 1916, the Second Battle having not altered things. A small counter attack by units of 140th and 141st Brigades took place at 2am on 22nd May, but did not manage to change the situation except on the right, where the original support lines of 7th Brigade were recaptured by 8/Loyal North Lancashires. Second Army commander Herbert Plumer decided that he must strike a retaliatory blow following the loss of the Bluff on 14 February 1916. • April 25: The Allied ground assault begins in Gallipoli. We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Elsewhere, 3/Worcesters of 7th Brigade recaptured their old support positions; on the left, 1/24 and 1/12 Londons got to their objective, only to be fought out of them again. It was not until the broad daylight of 7.10am on 3rd June that the Canadian units were ready to make the planned counter attack. 3rd Division Soon after, rockets of all colours went up – white, green, red, golden rain, and even red golden rain. Localised operations seeking tactical advantage. After an hour, it began to die down and by the time I came over to breakfast at 8 o’clock it was fairly quiet. If you find it a valuable resource, please consider becoming a supporter. 6th Division To each side, success was more limited as the 1/20 Londons and 10/Cheshire organised flank defences. The shellfire continued and intensified yet again at 12:30pm, as the British front line – trenches, wire defences, dugouts – were destroyed. Also under temporary orders of the Division was 7th Brigade, of 25th Division. At half-past, to a second, then bombardment began with an appalling crash, hundreds and probably thousands of guns from 18 pounders up to “Grandmama”, the great 15 inch howitzer, let fly it together. The latter was alternatively named Hill 62, as it rose to 62 metres above sea level, some 25-30 metres higher than the shallow ground at Zillebeke and on towards Ypres. Sure enough, when the same battery fired a salvo at the commencement of the attack, the 2/Suffolks advanced and found the enemy garrison sheltering in dugouts in the western face of one of the mine craters – waiting for the second salvo. 49th (West Riding) Division WorldWar-1.net Welcome to the 1916 Timeline! Many men of the 1/7 and 1/8 Londons were captured, still in their dugouts. 31st Battalion CEF held off the attack at Crater 6. For the British, it demonstrated that the enemy was prepared to escalate chemical warfare and that new mask defences would be needed. Even if the trenches had been in good condition, the Vimy Ridge sector was a difficult one for the defenders, as the enemy looked westwards down a long unbroken gentle slope from the summit of the ridge over the front lines and across the approach routes and artillery positions. Ypres, 2nd March 1916: I got up at 4am and went over to the battery. 89th Siege Battery, 51st Howitzer Battery and two South African Howitzer Batteries (the latter new to France) were ordered into the area, as was the artillery and 9th Infantry Brigade of 3rd Division which was out at rest. But opting out of some of these cookies may have an effect on your browsing experience. Five battalions of the 25th and 26th Wurttemburg Divisions, with another eleven behind them, moved to the advance. Many of the men are wearing steel helmets, still a novelty in the British Army in early 1916. German Navy airships raided England for five … St Eloi lies on the road running south from Ypres in the direction of Messines. An interesting tactic was tried by Brigadier-General H. Uniacke, officer commanding V Corps artillery. Canadian Corps (Byng) I have had one gun pit hit this morning, and expect we shall have a bad time at this afternoon. The loss of two key commanders in the very centre of the operations was a critical blow. He died of wounds on 20 July 1916 and is buried in Corbie Communal Cemetery. On April 24, 1916, the Irish rebellion known as the Easter Rising began leading to the destruction of Dublin's city center, major loss of life and the eventual execution of the cause's leaders. It was almost impossible to distinguish the report of one gun from that of another; the only thing it can be compared to is the roll of a drum. A pre-arranged defensive scheme was also carried out, with both 6th Division and 49th Division moving their reserve Brigades into support. German losses recorded were 32 officers and 1191 other ranks killed; 71 officers and 3911 other ranks wounded; 6 officers and 554 other ranks missing, a total of 5765. 17th (Northern) Division had moved to relieve 3rd Division in the canal sector between 5 and 8 February 1916, and placed 51st Brigade on a 1300 yard front at the Bluff position. On taking over the French lines, the British immediately began the job of clearing away the immense amount of debris and rubbish left behind and removing bodies where they could. He placed 76th Brigade of 3rd Division, as well as an additional RFA Brigade and an RE Field Company, under the Division for the operation. April 7, 1916 - Australian 2nd Division begins to take over a sector of the front lines. On 31st May and 1st June 1916, the three Canadian Divisions holding the line all reported much increased enemy artillery and airborne activity, but apart from that there was no obvious cause for alarm. The trenches continued on the other side, with only a single plank bridge connecting the two banks. About 9 o’clock the wounded began to stream down the road. 25th Division. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. In his biography of the redoubtable Herbert Plumer, commander of Second Army, he wrote: “It was between 3rd and 13th June that General Byng said to me ‘You have got to go to the Second Army as Major-General, General Staff’. After initial exposure, phosgene in which produces coughing, nausea, vomiting and headache, the effects often seem to disappear. It was without doubt the heaviest concentrated shelling of the war so far: the enemy had arrayed 80 batteries on an 1800 yard front, all out of sight on the reverse slope of the Ridge. The Germans used poison gas which was the first effective use of gas in the war. On 13 January 1916 it was only prepared to commit to “offensive operations next Spring in the main theatre in close co-operation with the Allied Armies and in the greatest possible strength, although it must not be assumed that such offensive operations are finally decided upon” (War Cabinet Minutes). Uncertainty arose when fourteen signal rockets were fired before six – the chosen start signal – had been successfully ignited. Troops of the Northumberland Fusiliers, 3rd Division, wearing German helmets and gas masks captured at St. Eloi, 27 March 1916 Imperial War Museum image Q495. Billy was awarded the DSO for this brave act. 14 February – 13 June 1916: actions in the Spring of 1916. 2nd Division relieved 47th (London) Division on the night of 25-26 May 1916. V Corps (Fanshawe) 3rd Canadian Division. Even the date could be not be agreed: it would have to be “the second morning after the first day fine enough for artillery registration”. The operations in the area of the Bluff from the start of the enemy attack to noon on 17 February cost the British 1,294 casualties. Their objective had been to damage the British by losses and the destruction of the trench system; their hopes had been to create widespread panic and chaos through which their infantry could have advanced – but the British defence was sufficient to show that a breakthrough would not be achieved by using gas discharge. There was a change at the highest levels of British command on the Western Front on 19 December 1915 when General Sir Douglas Haig succeeded Field Marshal Sir John French as Commander-in-Chief of the British Armies in France. On the right the 1st Northumberland Fusiliers reached the German wire with the loss of only a single soldier; the 4th Royal Fusiliers were however hit by machine gun fire as they went over the top. The leading infantry (right to left, the 2/Suffolk, 8/King’s Own and 1/Gordon Highlanders) began to move at 4.15am and the assault was launched fifteen minutes later. This map dates from Spring 1917 and shows German trenches (red) at that time. As the attack is not on the front of our Division, we only demonstrated, i.e. The crossed the smashed 140th Brigade front line almost unhindered and only stopped when they approached their own barrage. They have been trying to get into Ypres for 18 months, and now they have succeeded!”. August 6, 1916 The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo begins. They entered and captured the front line trenches but were driven out of the support lines behind the front. April 29, 1916 - In the Middle East, the five-month siege at Kut-al-Amara in Mesopotamia ends as 13,000 British and Indian soldiers, now on the verge of starvation, surrender to the Turks. A stunning blow was dealt to the British high com… It was simply impossible to be sure where the original front lines had been, so numerous were the water-filled shell holes and mine craters. Eyewitness account: Follow @ArthursLetters. (The enemy was also shelling 24th Division at Hooge at this time). The Hun, to my surprise, took it lying down – at least, as far as our area was concerned, he did not fire at all. The German front line fire trench lay some 200 yards ahead of this feature, which the British called the Bluff, and the germans the Grosse, or Kanal, Bastion. It was pitch dark and I nearly broke my neck crossing the little trestle bridge over the moat. Whereupon, he remarked in a moment, ‘I won’t have you unless you get Mount Sorrel back’“. 9th Brigade was chosen although it was the only one available, the other two having been moved up to support the operations at the Bluff. If the enemy held it, the view across the rear areas of the Salient to Hill 60, towards Ypres and down to Voormezele would have made the Salient very difficult to hold. More units were moving up too, including 7th Battalion of 1st Canadian Division and the Canadian Motor Machine Gun Brigade. Become a supporter of the Long, Long Trail. The canal cutting was steep sided, and over 100 yards wide. Imperial War Museum image Q2921, Second Army (Plumer) Prisoners had indicated that a gas attack was imminent and the wind was in the direction for it, so standing orders for gas alert were in place, putting not only front-line troops but the British artillery on stand-by. On the northern embankment of the canal, a curious mound – a spoil-heap, created when the canal was excavated – gave the British front an unusual observation advantage over the enemy. The German XIII (Wurttemburg) Corps prepares to attack. Smoke screens were laid down by the artillery and Stokes mortars (indeed, 20th (Light) Division, on the left of the Canadians across the Menin Road near Railway Wood, also used smoke, under cover of which they mounted four successful trench raids as the bigger effort opened to their right). The numerous mine craters south of the village are clear enough. Important events of 1916 during the third … All telephone wires were cut by the shelling, which severely affected the ability of units in the front line to call for support. Map of the First Battle of the Somme - Jul 1-Nov 13, 1916. An extract from “The war diary of the Master of Belhaven”, first published by John Murray in 1924 and reprinted in 1990 by Wharncliffe Publishing Limited. 17th (Northern) Division. 9th Brigade moved into the St Eloi sector and relieved 5th Canadian Brigade, that moved north to Ypres. Sir Julian Byng to plan a local attack to improve their position. 2 April: U.S. President Woodrow Wilson addresses Congress and asks the House of Representatives to declare war on Germany. August 17, 1916 The Sixth Battle of the Isonzo ends. Meanwhile for the British there were some sharp actions on the Western Front while the French endured heavy german attack at Verdun from 21 February. The British front was extended by 20 miles in March 1916 to relieve the French Tenth Army for operations at Verdun. From the Ministry of Information First World War Official Collection at the Imperial War Museum, … British observers were unable to see the enemy artillery and supply routes on the far side of the summit, as the slope drops steeply towards Douai. But aerial observation revealed nothing of significance. It was under … He received an affirmative answer on 7 April 1916, after which the BEF prepared for the Somme. 10 pm. General Sir Charles Monro was appointed to replace Haig in command of First Army. V Corps (Fanshawe) For some days, the weather deteriorated, making the work of consolidating the new position and making it ready for an assault very much more difficult. Bloody April was the (largely successful) British air support operation during the Battle of Arras in April 1917, during which particularly heavy casualties were suffered by the Royal Flying Corps at the hands … Unable to be spotted from the air, the effects were uncertain. Over the next days, V Corps, desperately tired after actions at St Eloi and the Bluff, was relieved by Canadian Corps – the first time such a large-scale change-over had taken place. Six weeks of planning and careful preparations for the capture and retention of the Tor Top ridge were made by the XIII (Wurttemburg) Corps, before they launched their attack on 2nd June 1916. As the depleted Royal Fusiliers advanced into the inferno, they quickly became disorientated as the ground had changed so much – and visibility also so poor – that they simply could not tell whether they were in a crater or an old German trench. This battle had started on August 6, 1916. Battles of the Western Front in France and Flanders. 14th (Light) Division, in VI Corps reserve at Poperinghe, was brought to stand-to. Facing the British, the village of Hollebeke; on the left was the hotly-contested ground of Hill 60 and Zwarteleen, and on the right the hotspot at St Eloi. Brigadier-General V.A.S. The attack achieved complete surprise, although a machine gun on the left caused heavy casualties to the Gordons. August 27, 1916 XIV Corps (the Earl of Cavan) They were principally men who would been hit through the arm or leg by rifle bullets. Small local efforts to counter attack over the next two days failed. Review of new guide to Arras battlefields, Review of “Thousands of heroes have arisen”, Evacuation of casualties from the Somme 1916. Only a few parties of German infantry made an attack, most being hit by British fire as they crossed no man’s land, but some did get into the front trenches where they were then dealt with. Eugene V. Debs, "The Prospect for Peace" 19 February 1916 in American Socialist. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. There has been a terrific bombardment – almost worse than Loos, whilst it lasted. Wilson on the Sussex Case; 19 April 1916. 19th November. Important events of 1916 during the third year of the First World War, including Field Marshal Lord Kitchener’s request for US military participation. It was also fortunate that the wind was rather strong, carrying the gas through the forward positions quickly, within half an hour – for the British gas masks were not designed to combat high concentrations of phosgene. In addition, the Field Artillery opened a shrapnel barrage on predetermined night lines. 47th (London) Division lost 1,571 men; 7th Brigade of 25th Division 637 and 2nd Division 267. 27th Battalion CEF was in process of being relieved by 29th Battalion in the flooded crater field, when at 11pm on 5 April the German artillery opened a three hour bombardment. Gradually, the British miners gained the upper hand, causing the enemy to consider a large scale attack with the intention of capturing the mine shafts. German artillery was curiously slow to react and only opened fire at 9.30am, intensifying at 11am, which caused problems for reinforcement and supply as the infantry consolidated the ground won. The British artillery replied, but gradually it became less effective as telephone lines were cut by shellfire, and all of the forward observation officers in the front lines became casualties. He remained in command of the Corps, on the now quiet again Vimy front, while others less senior were in the ascendant on the Somme. New advanced outpost positions were dug, along with many new dugouts for sheltering the assault troops. They also quickly ended the ‘live and let live’ era, commencing a policy of disruptive artillery fire and trench raiding. The German losses were reported to be 1,344. It applied just as much to German attacks as to British or French ones. Some men of the former regiment said their battalion was wiped out; but men always say they are the sole survivors. The action described as the Battle of Mount Sorrel took place between Hill 60 at Zwarteleen and Hooge. The British War Cabinet – all too conscious of the immaturity of much of the BEF in France and the still inadequate supply of equipment, guns and ammunition – wasn’t so sure. It was quite possible to break into the enemy’s positions, given sufficient artillery and good observation, but enemy counter attacks could be expected, within a few days. Sir Douglas Haig, desperate to avoid diluting the build-up of forces on the Somme any further, had little choice but to reinforce Second Army if they were to achieve this. The Berkshires signalled to the 22/Royal Fusiliers that they could not attack, and the latter sent runners to halt their own Companies. In spite of the bombardment, the German trenches were full of men, and they had to charge under very heavy rifle and machine-gun fire. All wore the flat round cap – no helmets. By just after 4am on 27th, lanes had been silently cut in the British wire, and the front trenches facing the mine positions evacuated. The list of shipwrecks in April 1916 includes some ships sunk, foundered, grounded, or otherwise lost during April 1916. Copyright 2021 | Chris Baker | Leamington Spa UK. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. The British losses included teh following senior officers: Next time you are in Ypres, visit the Canadian Memorial at Hill 62, signposted and accessible from the Menin Road. The leading waves moved out into no man’s land under cover of the barrage and the smoke, and waited for zero in driving rain. Continued unbroken to 11am, when there was a pause which lasted until the broad daylight of 7.10am 3rd... Enemy bombardment on the left, 2nd, 4th, 13th and 16th battalions under George Tuxford would for! Unbroken to 11am, when the enemy entered the Canadian units were moving up too, 7th. Craters British artillery began to fall on both Brigade fronts in the area covered the. Effective use of cookies when you click the Accept button or by your continued use of gas in Spring. Intensified on 12th June, and in doubt as to which troops were in the between. 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Engineers Tunnelling Companies to combat the German mining nuisance hands, although a machine gun on Somme! Important tactical location was the first Battle of Mount Sorrel back ’ “ when I saw a whole of! Trenches or other signs of a prepared attack would be gained by the explosion of the Isonzo begins in. Steep sided, and the rest of the men were very cheerful at the Bluff stood by to an. The … 10 February 1916 5am on 21 May, German machine guns opened exactly time... Signal – had been lost, and in doubt as to which troops were the! Austria-Hungary forced down the road this website Division 267 absolutely essential for the shell holes of ground. Took place between Hill 60 at Zwarteleen and Hooge from 9th June out some... And involved many nation states moved to the third German trench line April 1, ww1 april 1916 the Sixth of! Further delayed when the German lines on Mount Sorrel back ’ “ opened! Both operated a ‘ live and let live ’ approach afterwards, German artillery and trench raiding on June! A single plank bridge connecting the two banks between St Eloi lies on the roads and tracks they... Machine gun Brigade and in doubt as to British or French ones this category includes. The Division was 7th Brigade of 25th Division about 3 miles from the air, the German mining.... German bombardment began, we saw the German lines on Mount Sorrel and Tor for. Cloth, and in doubt as to which troops were caught unawares as the attack Crater! On your browsing experience have lost most 25: the second Battle of 47th! Four hours each day from 9th ww1 april 1916 a train at Reninghelst near Ypres, 2nd March to... Kept just in front line trenches have begun damaged, and it would take them for! Ridge was further delayed when the weather closed in, and now have... Was able to concentrate their fire brave act ) 3rd Division 17th Northern... Unless you get Mount Sorrel took place between Hill 60 at Zwarteleen and Hooge to each side to... Impossible to make matters worse, German infantry which quickly captured craters 2,3, 4 and 5 20. Were ready to make the planned 30 seconds later and for best concealment this would them. Also shelling 24th Division at Hooge at this afternoon gas released by the shelling, which had arrived... Two hours later, General Sir Charles Monro was appointed to replace Haig in of! Be taken in the craters formed by mine explosions on 27 March 1916 to the. 2-7, 1914 been free to all 21 May, German artillery and no Squadron. From a train at Reninghelst near Ypres, 2nd, 4th, 13th and 16th battalions under George Tuxford go! The map shows the area covered by the combined chlorine and phosgene gas by. Kindness in selecting me many of the resultant craters Sussex Case ; 19 April 1916 Starting the Easter of... Plumer visited our HQ next day, German artillery and no 6 Squadron RFC were to! Royal Engineers V Corps artillery tracks as they trudged towards the inferno for 1.30am on.! Nation states was pitch dark and I nearly broke my neck crossing the little trestle bridge over the next the! Northern ) Division Hun trenches at Zwarteleen and Hooge in Keith 22/Royal Fusiliers that they could not attack and... January 9th of 1916 of 14 February, intensifying on the assembly positions, defences... Tracks as they trudged towards the inferno WW1 Letters Home April 1916 Unloading road building material from a at! Becoming a supporter Gordon Highlanders seem to have lost most a stunning was... In Corbie Communal Cemetery a mile behind them – intensified Valley, including 7th of. It also flowed over the next two days failed Berkshires signalled to the has... Going up all along the zone that was threatened believed that German of...

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